Johannes Itten, Colour Sphere in 7 Light Stages and 12 Tones, 1921
Johannes Itten was one of the main pedagogical forces behind the Bauhaus and taught a foundation course in craft through the study of color and form. He originally trained as an elementary teacher before moving on to painting and color theory. During his studies of education and psychoanalyses, Itten began forming his unique theories on the creative spirit and how best to nurture it. A particular influence was Friedrich Frobel, “the inventor of Kindergarten”, whose pioneering ideas included young children’s desire for creative expression and the natural tendency to learn through play. At the time, this was considered groundbreaking pedagogy.
Corinthian column. architectural details.engraving. Giovanni Battista Piranesi. Italian. 1720-1788.
The Dome of Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore (aka Florence Cathedral) (1419-1436) - Filippo Brunelleschi
Early Renaissance, Florence, Italy
Pantheon, Rome. AD 118-28. Isometric drawing and section. Source: Christian Norberg-Schulz, Meaning in Western Architecture. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1975, p. 103.